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If you’ve ever visited a live casino before, there’s no doubt that you’ve felt the thrilling excitement, high-fiving, and the high-energy cheering around the craps table. You might have been interested in getting a piece of the action, but you’ve never really played craps before. Inexperienced players may have a hard time understanding this game. This is because it is quite intimidating and a bit confusing. That’s why we’ve compiled this in-depth guide to share with you everything about this sensational table game.



To play this game, you must fully understand its basic rules. Playing it can be as straightforward as wagering on a number and either losing or winning on every roll or as complicated as placing a bet and waiting till the shooter throws a point or target number, then hoping that he will throw the same number the second time. This process can continue for a number of throws.
Here are the basic rules you need to adhere to when playing this exciting table game:

  1. There are dozens of bets available, but this game is centered around the pass line bet.
  2. Bets are placed by putting chips on the pass line on the craps table. The dealer may move your chips when placing other bets.
  3. The pass sequence begins with the come-out roll, and the shooter throws the dice.
  4. The players win if the dice throw is 11 or 7 and lose if it is 12, 3, or 2. Other numbers on the dice are the point.
  5. Where the shooter throws a target number on the comeout, he continues to throw the dice till he throws a 7 to lose or throws the exact number to win an even-money return.
  6. Where the shooter throws a point number, he continues throwing for another comeout. If he’s unable to throw a new comeout, he ‘sevens out’, and another shooter takes over.

craps game


All craps bet apart from the free odds/lay odds come with a house edge, and the players can do nothing to reverse this.

Quite a few dice controllers can increase the regularity of point numbers and reduce the regularity of 7s to switch the odds of winning the game in their favor.

Dice control is a technical skill that requires lots of hours of practice. Dedicated controlled shooters will tell you that the skill is transient and sometimes leaves them when physical conditions change, due to fatigue or if they can’t get into their rhythm or winning mood that day.


Every crap player is excited at the thought of shooting. It gives them a feeling that they are in control of the game. A player’s roll determines who loses or wins. When a player is on a good roll that is winning money for almost everyone on the table, such a player becomes a hero, and all his moves are cheered. This is the best feeling for a crap player; no feeling supersedes this. So when the roll becomes cold and the loss becomes constant, there’s no time to reminisce on the loss. Another shooter comes on board to try to rectify and turn things around.


To roll the dice, the stickman will place numerous dice on the table for the player to choose from. The player will then have to take two dice from the selection, and the stickman removes the remaining dice from the table.

Players must not hide the dice from the dealer or keep them from the table. The players’ hands must also be empty.

Once wagers are placed, the player is expected to throw the dice sideways on the table. While throwing the dice, you must ensure that they hit the back of the table and rollback. The dealer has the duty of announcing the dice total and give them to you for another throw or give the dice to another shooter if you seven out.


This game is inspired by the British dice game known as Hazard, which became popular over 2000 years ago. Hazard was brought by the French when they settled in Nova Scotia, Canada. These French citizens resettled in New Orleans in the mid-1700s, and Hazard increased in popularity due to the numerous gaming centers in the area. It was later called Crapaud, a French word for toad. This refers to the players’ position when playing the game. Many players crouched over the dice on the sidewalk or floor. Crapaud was later shortened to craps by the English speakers. This marked the transformation of the game into what is played around the world today.


To have a complete understanding of how crap works, you must know the different terminologies used when playing the game and the table layout.

Crap Terminologies

Here are the terminologies you’ll come across when playing the game.

  • Come-out roll: The betting round begins with the come-out roll.
  • Shooter: The player rolling the dice.
  • Natural: This means that the outcome of your throw is 7 or 11.
  • Craps: Also called Snake Eyes. This means you threw a 12, 3, or 2. Here, you lose, but the round isn’t over; you can throw again.
  • Point: You threw a 10, 9, 8, 6, 5, or 4. When playing at a live casino, the dealer marks your rolled number (the point) on the table. When playing online, a tiny button appears when a point is displayed.

Once a point is established, you need to throw the dice again, hoping to get the same number. The dice combination does not need to be the same as before; so far as it is the same addition, you win.
The point sequence misses the number 7 because it is not a lucky number. In this circumstance, if you throw a 7, you ‘seven out’, meaning you lose, and this ends the betting round.

Craps Table Layout

Apart from knowing the terminologies associated with the gameplay of craps, you need to get a good grasp of the table layout of the game. The standard table has two similar patterned sides, one on the right and the other on the left. The gameplay of the two sides is also the same. The table is designed with two similar sides to accommodate more players to participate in a single craps game on one table. This way, the table can be managed by two dealers when the table becomes busy.

  • The Pass Line and Don’t Pass Bar

The pass line bet can be placed on the table. If a player predicts that the shooter will roll a combined 11 or 7, the dealer will place such players wager in the pass line box. But if the player predicts that the shooter will throw a 12, 3, or 2, the bets are ‘don’t pass bets. The dealer places these bets in the ‘don’t pass bar’ felt.

  • Big Six and Big Eight

These are the most popular wagers a player can place on the table. Players place bets on this part of the table if they predict that the shooter will roll an 8 or 6 before rolling a 7.

  • The Field

On this part of the table, you can wager on the shooter rolling an 11, 10, 9, 4, or 3 on a single dice roll. This bet type is known as The Field. You can possibly triple or double your money on this section of the table if you bet on the dice rolling a 12 or 2.

  • Come and Don’t Come

These sections operate in the same way as the pass line bets. But the bets can only be placed after the pass line bet. Thus, if you predict that the shooter will roll an 11 or 7 on the following roll, you can add to your chips on the Come box. But, if you think he will roll a 3 or 2 on the next roll, you will add to your wager on the Don’t Come box.

  • The Place

This section is placed close to the boxman on the table. It is one of the most popular and fast-paced wagers in the game. You can wager ‘Place to Win’ on the shooter throwing a 10, 9, 8, 6, 5, or 4 before rolling a 7. The wagers are put in The Place, and the bets can be placed at any time during the game. If you predict that the shooter will roll a 7 before any of the numbers above, then you are placing a ‘Place to Lose’ bet. This bet is also placed on The Place section on the table.

  • Centre Section

This is the middle of the table, and it is shared by every player on the table. In this section, players can place their props (proposition) bets. They are single-roll wagers placed on the odds of the dice landing in a particular pattern.


There are usually about a dozen to twenty players at a table. This means that each dealer is managing between six to twenty players at a time. However, four persons manage a craps table: the dealers (usually 2), the boxman, and the stickman. The stickman calls the dice and controls them with a stick. The dealers handle the payouts and bets. The boxman handles the house’s money and oversees the entire betting.

The best strategy for learning craps is to play the game. After reading our ultimate winners guide, you should be prepared to move from asking questions about how to play craps to playing the game for real. You can decide to play the game for free until you are sure that you have fully understood the rules of the game and its gameplay before risking your funds on real money games.

Posted by Sandra Bush
Gambling Addiction Specialist

Previously worked at an international psychological clinic. Now she is in private practice, helping individuals and families to get rid of gambling addiction. Excellent knowledge of player psychology makes the author’s articles much more productive for the reader.

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What is the best bet in craps?

The pass bet is widely referred to as the best wager because it features the lowest house edge. The bet is straightforward for beginners to place. Experienced players can use their odds to decrease the house edge further.

Are online craps rigged?

These games run on RNG (random number generator), which maintains fairness towards players playing online games.

Is there any skill in craps?

This game is a game of chance. However, you can make use of some technical skills to improve your odds and chances of winning.